Facts About Turkey

Facts About Turkey

COUNTRY PROFILE & FACTS

 
Official Name
Republic of Turkey 
Date of Foundation
29 October 1923
Capital                                                 
Ankara 
Largest Cities 
Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya 
Area                              
814.578 km2
Geographical Coordinates
Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42° 
Coastal Borders
Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north
Language                   
The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities. 
Currency                   
TL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro approximately equals to 2,30 Turkish Liras. 
Time Zone
GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7
Business Hours   
The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM.
Public Holidays
There are two types of public holidays in Turkey: Those that fall on the same day each year; and the religious festivals, which change according to the lunar calendar and, therefore, fall on different dates each year.
1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 30 August, 28 & 29 October 
 
Visas
Visas are easily obtained upon arrival at the air­port and are required for citizens of most countries.
Electricity
220V. European standard round two-pin sockets. 
Health Services
Cities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter­national and public hospitals with good standards.
Food
 As with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.
Water
Tap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink. However, it is recommended that you consume bottled water, which is readily and cheaply available.
Communications
Turkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country. Internet service is available all around the country. 
International Dial Code
+90
 
Cairo Cultural & Information Office of TURKEY - © 2012