The stunning white terraces of Pamukkale and the neighboring site of Hierapolis are situated inland, close to the town of Denizli. Pamukkale literally means 'cotton castle' and is one of Turkey's most impressive natural wonders. It is made up of a series of white travertine terraces cascading down a cliff, which is almost 200 meters high. The hard, white mineral deposits, which from a distance resemble snow, are caused by the high mineral content of the natural spring water which runs down the cliff and congregates in warm pools on the terraces.
It was the thermal waters which lead to the founding of the spa town of Hierapolis at the end of the 2nd century BC by the dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon. The remains include the ancient ruins of the baths, temples, the well-preserved theatre, and the largest necropolis or graveyard in Anatolia containing over 1200 tombs. It is easy to book an excursion from any of the major beach resorts to visit Pamukkale, and this is sometimes combined with a visit to Ephesus.
The historical artefacts found in the excavations are on display at the Archaeology Museum of Hierapolis. The Tripolis antic city in Buldan County and Colossea antic settlement in Hozanz County are the most important of all antic settlements in the region.